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1. Understanding the Basics of Permanent Residency
Understanding what Permanent Residency (PR) means is the first crucial step in the journey to obtaining it. PR status grants an individual the right to live and work anywhere in a country, in this case, Canada, indefinitely. However, a PR card holder does not have some of the rights of a citizen, such as voting in elections. This distinction makes understanding the benefits, rights, and responsibilities of a PR holder a vital first step in the journey.
2. Eligibility Criteria
Determining your eligibility is the next important step. Canada has several immigration programs each with its own set of eligibility criteria. These include skills, education, language proficiency, work experience, and more. You should do a thorough review of these programs to identify which one best suits your qualifications and circumstances.
3. Preparing and Submitting the Application
The third step involves preparing your application. This includes gathering all necessary documents, filling out the appropriate forms, and paying the required fees. The specific documents and forms you need depend on the immigration program you’re applying under. Be sure to cross-check all information and ensure all documentation is up-to-date and accurately reflects your current circumstances. If you are not confident about doing this on your own, hiring a Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultant can save you a lot of time and prevent you from making mistakes. Remember to check your Immigration Consultants credentials to ensure they are licensed and not ‘’ghost consultants’.
4. Language Tests and Evaluations
Canada requires proof of proficiency in either English or French for most of its immigration programs. Taking language tests, such as IELTS or TEF, and achieving the required scores is an essential step in the process. You should prepare adequately for these tests to ensure that your language skills meet the required levels.
5. Educational Credential Assessment (ECA)
If you studied outside of Canada, you might need to get an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) to prove that your degree, diploma, or certificate is valid and equal to Canadian standards. This step is crucial if your educational qualifications play a role in your eligibility for PR.
6. Medical Examinations and Police Checks
Applicants for Canadian PR must undergo a medical examination to prove they are in good health. Additionally, a police clearance certificate is required to prove that you have no criminal record. These are standard procedures to ensure the safety and security of Canadian residents.
7. Awaiting the Decision
Once your application is submitted, you must wait for a decision from Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). The processing time varies based on the immigration program and the number of applications IRCC is handling. Patience is required in this step, as rushing or pestering can lead to negative consequences.
8. Receiving Confirmation of PR Status
If your application is approved, you will receive a Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR) and a PR Card. The COPR is a document that you will need to present when you travel to Canada, while the PR Card is a valid identity document for PR holders residing in Canada.
After receiving your PR card and COPR, you can now move to Canada. This step involves making necessary preparations like housing arrangements, school enrollment (if applicable), and informing relevant parties of your move. You should also familiarize yourself with the local culture, laws, and social services available in your new community.
10. Meeting the Residency Obligation
Even after obtaining PR, there are certain obligations to maintain the status. One of them is to live at least two years in a five-year period in Canada. Failing to meet this obligation might lead to the loss of your PR status. Therefore, this step involves understanding and adhering to these obligations.
The process of obtaining Permanent Residency is complex and requires diligent preparation and patience. However, with a clear understanding of each step, the journey can be made smoother and more manageable. Remember, obtaining PR is not the end of the journey but rather the beginning of your new life in Canada.